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Archival Program
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After many years of collecting material relating to the history of Baxter County, the Historical Society developed an archival program which is now located at the Baxter County Heritage Center at 808 South Baker Street in Mountain Home.


The archival program of the Historical Society continues the tradition of organizing and maintaining the history of Baxter County by collecting historical material related to the county such as: manuscript materials, census records, family histories, cemetery records, county and municipal records, school records, business records, organizational records, personal papers, photographs, and copies of selected state and federal records pertaining to Baxter County.  It is not only important to preserve these historical materials, it is also important to make the material available to researchers – provided the information does not comprise a clearly unwarranted invasion of privacy.


The Historical Society is a volunteer organization primarily supported by membership dues, publication sales, and the generosity of donors.  Tax deductible donations to support the archival program should be sent to the Baxter County Historical & Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 2125, Mountain Home, AR 72654.


The Historical Society is also grateful for donations to the archival program of historical material related to Baxter County.  All donated material will be properly preserved in accord with archival standards.


Research and Reference Inquiries


If you have a reference inquiry, please contact us by email via bcarchives@centurytel.net, by phone at 870-425-2551, or by mail: Baxter County Historical and Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 2125, Mountain Home, AR 72654-2125.


We will do our best to assist you with your inquiries, but it is not the purpose of the archival program to conduct research on behalf of researchers.  Our basic function is to assist researchers in accessing the archival records and information within the Heritage Center that is responsive to their request.


Accessing the Resources at the BCH&GS Archives


Upon arriving in the Research Room all patrons must sign the register.  A copy of the policies and procedures governing the Research Room, as well as finding aids to the holdings of the Archives that are currently available for research, is available from the Research Room attendant.  Eventually copies of the inventories, as well as selected copies of documents and photos, will be available on this website.  Copies of all materials available for research may be obtained for a modest reproduction fee.  We are available to help you find answers to your questions.


Holdings of the BCH&GS Archives


The BCH&GS Archives includes a wide variety of materials relating to the history and genealogy of Baxter County.  Most, but not all, of these records are currently available for research. The holdings of the Archives include the following:


County, Township, and Local Government Records


Various records maintained by the Baxter County Clerk’s Office [Chattel mortgage records (1901-1977), real estate warranty deeds and other real estate related records (1858-1958), Federal crop mortgages (1931-1938),  oil and gas leases (1926-1947), claims for payment from county accounts (1894-1962), records related to county road improvement (1892-1949), Ferry licenses and petitions to establish a Ferry (1892-1932), tax receipts (1869-1963), Justice of the Peace judgment transcripts (1894-1955), various records re: Redemption of Lands Sold for Taxes (1890-1950), poll tax receipts (1949-1962), and receipts for scalps turned in (1892-1920)].  Coroner’s inquest records (1890-1970); Justice of the Peace records for Mountain Home and Union Townships (1911-1952); and the Gassville Town Council Ledger (1931-1962).  County, township, and other local government records (including school records) are public records.


School Records


Records from 67 of the original school districts of Baxter County (1922-1980), including teacher registers and school census.  Also included are the records of the Baxter County Board of Education (1890-1998) and the Baxter County Supervisor of Schools; this material includes financial records, records relating to transfer of students, school district board members, correspondence, and minutes of the County Board of Education.


Inventories of these public records, and a name index to students and teachers (1926-1943), is located in the Research Room.




An extensive collection of photographs, postcards and slides pertaining to virtually all aspects of Baxter County history, including people and events from the 1890s to the present.  Included are images from the Arthur Keller and Ray Grass collections (early Mountain Home photographers).


Birth, Marriage And Death Records


The Arkansas Prior Birth Index (AR births prior to 1901); the Arkansas Gazette Obituaries Index (1819-1879); Baxter County Marriages (1871-1920); Funeral Notices from Mountain Home, AR (1920s to the 1950s); “Hatch, Match, and Dispatch” (index of births, marriages, and deaths from the Baxter Bulletin, 1901-1956; the Cotter Courier (1903-1918); the Cotter Record (1909-1937); and the Mountain Echo (1886-1903);  Masonic Deaths in AR (1838-1916), and the North Central Arkansas Death Record Index (1914-1948).


Cemetery Records


Included are detailed lists of burial sites for cemeteries in Baxter County, as well as the cemeteries in Fulton, Marion, and Izard Counties in Arkansas, and Ozark County, Missouri.


United States Census Records


A copy of the 1790 U.S. Census, the 1850 census of North Central AR, the 1870 North Central AR federal census index, the 1880 Baxter County federal census, and the 1900 and 1910 federal census index for Baxter County. 


Early Land Records


Baxter County Arkansas Land Patents (index of people who obtained land directly from the federal government from earliest settlement times through June 1908); Original General Land Office Survey Notes and Plats for the State of Arkansas (1815-present) in a 13 CD set. 


Genealogical Materials


Family histories (primarily for Baxter County and North Central Arkansas), journals and newsletters from genealogical and historical organizations in Arkansas and Southern Missouri.  An index to Arkansas Confederate Pension Applications, and service records for Baxter County veterans of WWI and WWII.


Personal Paper Collections


Papers, photographs, and other historical materials donated by various people and families of Baxter County including: Garvin Carroll, the Duro family, Owen Kendrick, Mary Ann Messick, the Pinkston family, the Turnbo family, Vera Reeves, and Bill Woodiel (Trail of Tears research material).


Business and Organizational Records


Records from early Baxter County businesses, such as: the Baker General Store, Livingston Store, Peoples Bank, Robertson Store and the Tracy General Store in Mountain Home; the Baxter County Bank, Cotter Lumber Company, McSpadden Store and the Paradise Theatre in Cotter; the Powell General Store in Big Flat; and the Three Brothers (Turnbo) Store in Three Brothers.


Records from various Baxter County civic and social organizations such as: Delta Kappa Gamma, labor unions, Mountain Home Chamber of Commerce, Baxter County Poets Association, Coterie Club, Hill and Hollow Quilters Guild, Home Demonstration clubs, Moose Lodge, Ozark Earth Sciences Club, Mountain Home Women’s Club, and the Twentieth Century Club.


Books and Pamphlets


In addition to a good Vertical (reference) File, the Research Room contains a collection of books and other publications pertaining to the history of Baxter County, the Ozarks region and Arkansas; various genealogical topics; high school yearbooks; telephone directories (1948 – present); and a complete set (including index) of past copies of Baxter County History (the quarterly journal of the BCH&GS, 1974 to present).